Reference List Vs Bibliography Apa Samples

The 6th edition APA manual devotes Appendix 7.1 to information on citing legal materials such as statutes and court decisions. For these types of references, APA follows the recommendations of The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation, so if you have any questions beyond the examples provided in APA, seek out that resource as well.

Court Decisions

Reference format: Name v. Name, Volume Source Page (Court Date).

Sample reference entry: Brown v. Board of Education, 347 U.S. 483 (1954).

Sample citation: In Brown v. Board of Education (1954), the Supreme Court ruled racial segregation in schools unconstitutional.

Note: Italicize the case name when it appears in the text of your paper.



Reference format: Name of Act, Volume Source § section number (year).

Sample reference entry for a federal statute: Individuals With Disabilities Education Act, 20 U.S.C. § 1400 (2004).

Sample reference entry for a state statute: Minnesota Nurse Practice Act, Minn. Stat. §§ 148-171-285 (2010).

Sample citation: Minnesota nurses must maintain current registration in order to practice (Minnesota Nurse Practice Act, 2010).

Note: The § symbol stands for "section." To find this symbol in MS Word, go to "Insert" and click on Symbol." Look in the "Latin 1-Supplement" subset.

Note: U.S.C. stands for "United States Code."

Note: Use the § symbol twice to indicate a range of sections.

Note: List the chapter first followed by the section or range of sections.


Unenacted Bills and Resolutions

(Those that did not pass and become law)

Reference format: Title [if there is one], bill or resolution number, xxx Cong. (year).

Sample reference entry for Senate bill: Anti-Phishing Act, S. 472, 109th Cong. (2005).

Sample reference entry for House of Representatives resolution: Anti-Phishing Act, H.R. 1099, 109th Cong. (2005).

Sample citation: The Anti-Phishing Act (2005) proposed up to 5 years prison time for people running Internet scams.

These are the three legal areas you are most apt to cite in your scholarly work. For information on citing the Constitution, see the APA Style blog.



Booth, S.A. (January 1999). High-Drain Alkaline AA-Batteries. Popular Electronics, 62, 58.

Dell, R. M., and Rand, D.A.J. (2001). Understanding batteries. Cambridge, UK: The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Devitt, T. (2001, August 2). Lightning injures four at music festival. The Why? Files. Retrieved from

Dove, R. (1998). Lady freedom among us. The University of Virginia Alderman Library Electronic Text Center. Retrieved from

Fredrickson, B. L. (2000, March 7). Cultivating positive emotions to optimize health and well-being. Prevention & Treatment, 3, Article 0001a. Retrieved from

Health Canada. (2002, February). The Safety of Genetically Modified Food Crops. Retrieved from

Hilts, P. J. (1999, February 16). In Forecasting Their Emotions, Most People Flunk Out. New York Times. Retrieved from

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