question_answer1) What is the location of the Purvachal mountain range in India?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer2) 'Folding' and 'faulting' are the result of what geological actions?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer3) Why is the Himadri mountain range called by this name?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer4) What is orographic rainfall?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer5) Which island in the Lakshadweep group of islands has a bird sanctuary?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer6) Which variety of rock is used for making talcum powder?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer7) What do we mean by the term Bhangar?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer8) Which two well-known rivers originate near the Mahadeo hills?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer9) The terai belt lies North of which belt?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer10) What is the name of the part of the Himalayas lying between the Kali and the Tista rivers?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer11) What is the location of the Satpura mountain range in comparison with the Aravali mountain range?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer12) Which plates originally formed a part of Gondwana land?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer13) What is the variation in height in the Shiwaliks mountain range?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer14) Which area of India is a flat land of extensive alluvial deposits?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer15) Which major rivers of the Indian subcontinent flow into the Arabian sea?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer16) Why do landslides occur frequently in the Shiwaliks?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer17) Arrange the given mountain peaks in order of height, starting from the lowest: Doda Betta, Kanchenjunga, Mahendragiri and Namcha Barwa.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer18) What makes up the habitat in which coral polyps flourish?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer19) The state of Meghalaya forms a part of which physiographic division of India?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer20) Arrange the given ranges of the Himalayas starting from the Westernmost and moving Eastwards Assam Himalayas, Kumaon Himalayas, Nepal Himalayas and Punjab Himalayas.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer21) Are the Aravali hills located in the Western Ghats or the Eastern Ghats?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer22) Which of the two is having a higher average height, the Eastern Ghats or the Western Ghats?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer23) What is the Southern part of the Western coastal plains known as?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer24) In which mountain range is the Khyber pass located?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer25) What is the highest peak in the Eastern Ghats and what is its height?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer26) What do you understand by term "Peninsula"?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer27) What is the name of Western coastal strip that lies in South of Goa?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer28) Name the oldest part of Indian landmass.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer29) Name the hills that lies at the junction of Western and Eastern Ghats.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer30) What is the name of the wet and swampy belt of Northern region?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer31) What is the name of the part of Northern plain formed by older alluvium?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer32) Name the Indian state where Kanchenjunga is located?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer33) Which part of the Indian coastal plain is known as Northern Circ00ar?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer34) Name the highest peak which lies in Western Ghats.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer35) Which island of India has the only active volcano in India?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer36) Make a comparison between the Shiwaliks and Himachal Himalayas based on the following (i) Composition (ii) Age (iii) AltitudeView Answer play_arrow
question_answer37) Give a description of the Shiwaliks.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer38) Compare the features of the Western Ghats with those of the Eastern Ghats in tabular form.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer39) How were the Northern plains formed?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer40) Assume that you have recently travelled in the Indian desert. Describe the desert to a person not living in India.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer41) What are the differences between the Central Highland and Deccan Plateau?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer42) Find out the names of the glaciers and passes that lie in the Great Himalayas.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer43) Name the three major divisions of the Himalayas from North to South.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer44) In Lakshadweep, there is a bird sanctuary on Pitti island. This island is uninhabited. Should some people be allowed to live on Pitti island? If they are allowed, what can be the harmful effects?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer45) In India, the Northern mountains are the major sources of water and forest wealth. What negative effects can result from uncontrolled exploitation of water and forest resources of the mountains?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer46) What are Tectonic plates? Distinguish between converging and diverging tectonic plates?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer47) Describe any three features of Shiwaliks range. Or Name the outermost range of Himalayas. Write any two characteristics of it.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer48) State any three difference between the Himadri range and Shiwalik range? Or Describe any three features of Himadri.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer49) What do you understand by Duns? Where are they situated in our country?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer50) Write any three differences between Bhangar and Khadar.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer51) Name the coastal strip of Peninsular plateau lying along Arabian sea. Describe any four features of it.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer52) Name the group of Indian islands that is of coral origin. Mention its capital and the island in the group that has a bird sanctuary. Or Which group of island is located in Arabian sea? Write any four features of these islands. What is orographic rainfall? Which part of the Peninsular plateau causes orographic rainfall?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer53) Compare the actions of converging and diverging tectonic plates.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer54) 'The Indian landmass shows a great physical contrast.' Explain this statement.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer55) Describe the river systems of the Northern plains, giving their main features.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer56) Describe the coastal plains, giving their main features. Or Describe any five features of coastal plains of India.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer57) Describe the islands of India. Or Give a brief description of two islands of IndiaView Answer play_arrow
question_answer58) Distinguish between (i) Converging and diverging tectonic plates. (ii) Bhangar and Khadar. (iii) Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer59) Which are the major physiographic divisions of India? Contrast the relief of the Himalayan region with that of the Peninsular plateau.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer60) Describe how the Himalayas were formed.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer61) Give an account of the Northern plains of India. Or Descibe how the Northern plains were formed. Also state three characteristics of Northern plain. Or Describe any three features of Northern plains. Or Describe Northern plains of India.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer62) How are coral reefs formed? Name two examples of coral reefs. Or What are corals ? Name and describe the island which is of coral origin. Or Write a short note on 'corals'.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer63) Name the two coastal strips that flank the Peninsular plateau. Distinguish the two by giving two characteristics of each.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer64) Describe about the formation of the peninsular Plateau. Write any four of its distinct features. Or Describe any five features of Central Highlands of India. Or Describe any three distinct features of the Peninsular plateau of India.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer65) Give the brief explaination about important features of Ganga plain. Or Write an account on the relief of Ganga plain.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer66) Name three longitudinal divisions of Himalayas. State one characteristic feature of each. Or Name the three parallel ranges of Himalayas. Write one main feature of each. Or Give two characteristics of each of the following The Great Himalayas (2) The middle Himalayas.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer67) What do you understand by tectonic plates?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer68) What geological process formed the present landforms of India?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer69) What types of actions can happen when two tectonic plates collide with each other?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer70) Which continents of today were part of the Gondwana land?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer71) Which plateaus lies between the Aravali and the Vindhyan ranges?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer72) Name of the island group of India having coral Vindhyan.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer73) Name the three prominent sub-ranges of the Himachal Himalayas.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer74) Name five hill stations in the Himalayas.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer75) Which are the three types of plate boundaries? Which one of them lies in the Himalayan belt?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer76) Find out the name of the states where the highest peaks are located.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer77) Find out the location of Mussoorie, Nainital, Ranikhet from your atlas and also name the state where they are located.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer78) What are tectonic plates?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer79) What is the Bhabar?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer80) Write short notes on the following (i) The Indian Desert (ii) The Central Highlands (iii) The Island groups of IndiaView Answer play_arrow
question_answer81) Two features are shown on the outline map of India. Identify these features and write their names on the lines marked on the map. (i)A mountain range between the Narmada and Tapi rivers. (ii) The highest peak in the Cardamom hills. (b) On the map, locate and label the following with appropriate symbols 1. A mountain range lying mostly in Rajasthan. 2. A plateau lying mostly in Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer82) (a) Two features are shown on the outline map of India. Identify these features and write their names on the lines marked on the map. (i) A physiographic region where Barchans are found. (ii) This region is part of the Deccan plateau. (b) On the map, locate and label the following with appropriate symbols 1. A range of hills in Nagaland bordering Myanmar. 2. The highest mountain peak in the Karakoram Range.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer83) (a)Two features are shown on the outline map of India. Identify these features and write their names on the hues marked on the map. (i)The Southernmost point on the Indian mainland. (ii) The highest peak in the Himalayas in India. (b) On the map, locate and label the following with appropriate symbols 1. A region of the Peninsular plateau which is triangular in shape. 2. The Northern part of the Eastern Coastal plain.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer84) How can you say that India is a vast country with varied landforms?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer85) Which factors modified the relief features of India?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer86) What is the 'Theory of plate Tectonics'?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer87) What does convergent and divergent boundary mean?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer88) Howistransformboundarydifferentfromconvergentanddivergentboundaries?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer89) What is the role of these tectonic movements?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer90) What was Gondwana land?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer91) What was the result of convectional currents?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer92) What was the result of collision of the Indo-Australian plate with Eurasian plate?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer93) How the Northern plains of India formed?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer94) How would you agree that Himalayas are the most recent landforms?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer95) What are the major physiographic divisions of India?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer96) What is the total length of Himalayas?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer97) What is the width of Himalayas?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer98) What do you know about 'Himadri'?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer99) What is the other name for 'Himadari'?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer100) Name the highest peak of Himalayas.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer101) Name the highest peak of Himalayas in India.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer102) Name some of the highest peaks of Himalayas.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer103) Name the important passes located in Himalayas.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer104) Where is Himalayan range 'Himachal' located?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer105) What is the average altitude and width of 'Himachal'?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer106) Which famous valleys are located in 'Himachal'?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer107) Which is the outer most range of Himalayas?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer108) What is average width and altitude of Shiwaliks?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer109) Why are ranges ofShiwalik prone to earthquakes?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer110) What are 'Duns'?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer111) Name some well known 'Duns'.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer112) Which part of Himalayas are called Punjab Himalayas?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer113) Which are 'Kumaon Himalayas'?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer114) In which part of India are Assam Himalayas located?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer115) Which hills are called 'PurvanchaT?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer116) How Purvanchal or Eastern hills are formed?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer117) Which three main river system helped in forming Northern plains?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer118) How Northern Plain has become a fertile plain?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer119) What is the total length & breadth of Northern Plains?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer120) How are riverine islands formed?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer121) What are 'distributaries'?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer122) How 'Punjab Plains' are formed?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer123) What does 'doab' mean?View Answer play_arrow
question_answer124) To which parts Ganga Plains are extended?View Answer play_arrow
Get here Class 9 Social Science – Geography NCERT Textbook Answers of Chapter 2. NCERT Solutions Class IX Social Science – Geography includes answers of all the questions of Physical Features of India provided in NCERT Text Book which is prescribed for class 9 in schools.
National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) Book Solutions for Class 9
Subject: Social Science – Geography
Chapter: Chapter 2 – Physical Features of India
NCERT Solutions for Class 9th Social Science Geography : Chapter 2 Physical Features of India
Question 1. Choose the right answer from the four alternatives given below.
(i) A landmass bounded by sea on three sides in referred to as
(d) None of these
(ii) Mountain ranges in the eastern part of India forming its boundary with Myanmar are collectively called as
(d) None of these
(iii) The Western coastal strip, South of Goa is referred to as
(d) Northern Circar
(iv) The highest peak in the Eastern Ghats is
Question 2. Answer the following questions briefly
(i) What are tectonic plates ?
Answer The convectional currents below the Earth’s crust split the crust into a number of pieces. These pieces are called tectonic plates. e.g., Eurasia plate, Indo Australian plate etc.
(ii) Which continents of today were part of the Gondwanaland ?
Answer The Gondwana land included India, Australia, South Africa and South America as one single land mass.
(iii) What is the Bhabar?
Answer Bhabar is a narrow belt of land about 8 to 16 km wide and covered with pebbles deposited by the rivers and lying parallel to the slopes of the Shiwaliks.
(iv) Name the three major divisions of the Himalayas from north to south.
Answer The 3 major divisions of the Himalayas from North to South are as folloWS
(a) The Great or Inner Himalayas or the Himadri It is a continuous range consisting of the highest peaks.
(b) Himachal or Lesser Himalayas The range lying to the South of the Himadri is known as Himachal or Lesser Himalayas.
(c) Shiwaliks The outermost range of the Himalayas is known as the Shiwaliks. These are the foothill ranges and represent the southernmost division of the Himalayas.
(v) Which plateaus lies between the Aravalli and the Vindhyan ranges?
Answer Malwa plateau lies between the Aravalli and the Vindhyan ranges.
(vi) Name of the Island group of India having coral Vindhyan
Answer Lakshadweep Islands are composed of small coral islands.
Question 3. Distinguish between
(i) Converging and diverging tectonic plates.
Answer Difference between Converging plates and Diverging plates
(ii) Bhangar and Khadar.
Answer Differences between Bhangar and Khadar
(iii) Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats.
Answer Difference between the Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats.
Question 4. Describe how the Himalayas were formed.
(a) The oldest landmass of India (peninsular part) was a part of Gondwana land.
(b) Gondwana land included India, Australia, South Africa and South America as one single landmass.
(c) Convectional currents split the crust into a number of pieces, thereby leading to the drifting of the Indo – Australian plate after being separated from the Gondwana land towards the North.
(d) The Northward drift resulted in the collision of the plate with the much larger Eurasian plate.
(e) Due to this collision the sedimentary rocks which were accumulated in the geosyncline known as the Tethys, were folded to form the mountain systems of Western Asia and Himalaya.
(f) The Himalayas represent a youthful topography with high peaks, deep valleys and fast following rivers.
Question 5. Which are the major physiographic divisions of India? Contrast the relief of the Himalayan region with that of the Peninsular plateau.
Answer The major physiographic divisions of India are
- The Himalayan mountains
- The Northern plains
- The Peninsular plateau
- The Indian desert
- The Coastal plains
- The islands
Contrast between the Himalayan region and the Peninsular plateau
Question 6. Give an account of the Northern plains of India.
(a) The Himalayan uplift out of the Tethys sea and subsidence of the Northern flank of the peninsular plateau resulted in the formation of a large basin. In course of time, this depression gradually got filled with deposition of sediments from rivers flowing from the mountains In the north and led to formation of the fertile Northern plains.
(b) It spreads over an area of 7 lakh sq km. The plain IS about 2400 km long and 240-230 km broad
(c) It is a densely populated and an Intensively cultivated area.
(d) With Its adequate water supply and favourable climate, It is agriculturally a very productive part of India
(e) The Northern plains are broadly divided into 3 sections.
(f) The Western part of the Northern plans IS called the Punjab plains, formed by the Indus and its tributaries.
(g) The Ganga plain extends between the Ghaggar and the Teesta rivers, spread over the states of Haryana, Delhi, UP Bihar and West Bengal.
(h) The Brahmaputra Plain to the East of the Ganga plains lies the Brahmaputra plain covering the areas of Assam and Arunachal
Questions 7. Write short notes on the following
(i) The Indian Desert
(ii) The Central Highlands
(iii) The Island Groups of India
(i) The Indian Desert
- The Indian desert lies towards the Western margin of the Aravalli hills.
- It is an undulating sandy plain covered with sand dunes.
- This region receives very low rainfall, below 150 mm per year.
- It has arid climate with low vegetation cover.
- Streams appear during the rainy season. Soon they disappear into the sand as they do not have enough water to reach the sea.
- Luni is the only large river in this region.
- Barchan (Crescent shaped dunes) cover the larger areas but longitudinal dunes become more prominent near the Indo – Pakistan border.
- The Indian desert is popularly known as the Thar desert.
(ii) The Central Highlands
- The Peninsular plateau consists of two broad divisions, namely the central highlands and the Deccan plateau.
- The part of the Peninsular plateau lying to the north of the Narmada river covering a major area of the Malwa plateau is known as the Central Highlands.
- They are bound by the Vindhya Range from the south and by the Aravalli hills from the north-west.
- The further westward extension gradually merges with the sandy and rocky desert of Rajasthan.
- The flow of the rivers draining this region, namely the Chambal, the Sind, the Betwe and Ken is from south-west to north-east.
- The central highlands are wider in the west but narrower in the east.
- The eastward extensions of their plateau are locally known as ‘Bundelkhand’ and Baghelkhand.
- The Chhotanagpur plateau marks the further eastward extension drained by the Damodar river.
(iii) The Island Groups of India
India has two groups of islands namely the Lakshadweep group and the Andaman and Nicobar group.
(a) The Lakshadweep Islands Group lie close to the Malabar coast of Kerala.
These islands are composed of small coral islands.
- Earlier, they were known as Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindive. In 1973, these were renamed as the Lakshadweep.
- They cover a small area of 32 sq km.
- Kavaratti Island is the administrative headquarters of Lakshadweep.
- This island group has a great diversity of flora and fauna.
- The Pitti Island, which is uninhabited, has a bird sanctuary.
(b) Andaman and Nicobar Islands
- The elongated chain of islands located in the Bay of Bengal extending from north to south are the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
- They are bigger in size and more numerous and scattered than the Lakshadweep Islands.
- The entire group of islands is divided into two broad categories, the Andaman in the north and Nicobar in the south.
- It is believed that these islands are an elevated portion of the submarine mountains.
- These islands are of great – strategic importance for the country.
- They have great diversity of flora and fauna.
- These islands lie close to the equator experience equatorial climate and have thick forest cover.
On an outline map of India show the following.
(i) Mountain and Bill Ranges The Karakoram, the Zaskar, the Patkai Bum, the Jaintia, the Vindhya range, the Aravalli and the Cardamom hills.
(ii) Peats K2, Kanchenjunga, Nanga Parbat and the AnaMudi.
(iii) Plateaus Chhotanagpur and Malwa.
(iv) The Indian Desert, Western Ghats, Lakshadweep Islands
Project / Activity
Locate the peaks, passes, ranges, plateaus hills and duns hidden in the puzzle.
Try to find where these features are located. You may start your search horizontally vertically or diagonally.
Horizontally the features ale
Vertically the features are
- Shipki La
- Satpura (this one is from bottom to top)
Class 9th Social Science SolutionsEnglishHindiMathsScience
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